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Re-education Through Labor Reform Hits Critical Point

The system of re-education through labor, which was originally aimed at eradicating undercover counterrevolutionaries, was established by China in the 1950s by drawing on the experiences of the Soviet Union. Public security organs place suspects into detention without conviction by a court for a maximum period of four years, where they are compelled to participate in forced labor and undergo political education.

The Ministry of Public Security issued an internal document in 1982, stipulating six categories of criminal behavior that fell under the re-education through labor system, including "minor offenders, counter-revolutionaries, anti-Party and anti-socialist elements not serious enough for criminal punishment," and "hooliganism, prostitution, theft/fraud, habitual criminals, and other crimes which don't merit criminal punishment." 

Issue 330
By staff reporter You Xi
A 1 percent increase in the nonperforming-loan ratio would generate over 1 trillion yuan of non-performing assets and devour China's banking industry profits.
By staff reporters Tan Yifei and He Tao
Environmental protests in China share a common thread with many other human rights and interests expression activities, "the bigger the fuss, the better the end result, and no fuss, no solution."
By staff reporters Sun Tao and Li Wei'ao
Determining reasonable boundaries, ensuring drug safety and avoiding coercion from commercial interests have become key challenges in the regulation of off-label drug use.
By staff reporters Liu Qilin, Hu Wen, and Song Wei
As China's business-to-customer (B2C) market prospers, price wars in the e-commerce sector could last through the next three to five years.

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